French Bread Recipe: Crusty Outside, Soft Inside Perfection

If you’re a fan of French cuisine, you know that French bread is a staple in many dishes. Whether you’re making a classic French sandwich or serving it alongside a hearty soup, a fresh loaf of French bread can take your meal to the next level. But have you ever considered making your own French bread at home? With just a few simple ingredients and some patience, you can create a delicious loaf of French bread that rivals anything you can buy at a bakery.

One of the great things about making French bread at home is that you can customize it to your liking. Do you prefer a crusty exterior and a soft, chewy interior? Or do you like your bread to be a little denser and more substantial? By adjusting the amount of water and flour in your recipe, you can create a loaf of French bread that’s just right for you. Plus, making your own bread is a great way to save money and reduce waste, since you can use up any leftover ingredients you have on hand.

If you’re new to bread baking, don’t worry – making French bread is easier than you might think. With a little practice, you’ll be able to create beautiful loaves of bread that will impress your friends and family. In this article, we’ll share some of our favorite French bread recipes and tips for making the perfect loaf. So grab your apron and get ready to bake – you’re about to become a French bread master!

Understanding French Bread

French bread is a classic and beloved bread all around the world. It is a staple in bakeries and households alike. French bread is known for its crispy crust and soft, chewy interior. It is typically made with flour, water, yeast, and salt.

The most iconic form of French bread is the baguette, which is a long and thin loaf that is perfect for sandwiches or as a side to a meal. However, there are many other types of French bread, such as boules, batards, and ficelles.

One of the defining characteristics of French bread is its texture. The crust is crispy and crackly, while the interior is soft and chewy. To achieve this texture, French bread is baked at a high temperature and often has steam introduced into the oven during baking.

When it comes to making French bread at home, achieving the perfect crust can be a challenge. One technique to achieve a crusty crust is to spritz the bread with water before baking. This helps to create steam in the oven, which in turn creates a crispy crust.

Overall, French bread is a versatile and delicious bread that is perfect for any occasion. Whether you are enjoying a baguette with your morning coffee or using a boule for a sandwich, French bread is sure to satisfy.

Ingredients Required

If you’re looking to make French bread at home, you’ll need a few key ingredients. In this section, we’ll cover the primary ingredients as well as some optional add-ons that you can use to customize your bread.

Primary Ingredients

Here are the key ingredients you’ll need to make French bread:

FlourProvides structure and texture
YeastCauses the bread to rise
SaltEnhances flavor and helps control fermentation
WaterHydrates the dough and activates the yeast

You can use either active dry yeast or instant yeast in your recipe. Active dry yeast needs to be dissolved in warm water before use, while instant yeast can be added directly to the flour mixture.

Bread flour is the best type of flour to use for French bread, as it has a higher protein content than all-purpose flour. This helps create a chewy texture in the bread.

Optional Add-Ons

Here are some optional add-ons that you can use to customize your French bread:

  • Sugar: A small amount of sugar can help feed the yeast and improve the bread’s flavor.
  • Oil or butter: Adding a small amount of oil or butter to the dough can help keep it moist and tender.
  • Cornmeal: Sprinkling cornmeal on the baking sheet before placing the bread on it can help prevent sticking and add a slightly crunchy texture to the bottom of the bread.
  • Olive oil: Brushing olive oil on the crust of the bread before baking can create a shiny, golden crust.
  • Kosher salt: Sprinkling kosher salt on the crust of the bread before baking can add a savory flavor and a slightly crunchy texture.

By using these optional add-ons, you can create a unique and delicious French bread that is tailored to your tastes.

Tools Needed

Making French bread at home requires a few essential tools to ensure the best results. Here are the tools you will need:

Baking Sheet

A baking sheet is a flat metal tray used to bake bread. It should be large enough to accommodate the size of the bread you are making.


You will need a large bowl to mix the ingredients for the bread dough. A glass or metal bowl is recommended, as plastic bowls can retain odors and flavors.

Stand Mixer

A stand mixer is a great tool to have when making French bread, as it can make the kneading process much easier. Look for a mixer with a dough hook attachment.

Dough Hook

A dough hook is a specialized attachment for a stand mixer that is used to knead bread dough. It can save you time and effort compared to kneading by hand.

Kitchen Towel

A kitchen towel is used to cover the bread dough while it rises. It should be clean and free of any odors or stains.

Bread Lame or Razor Blade

A bread lame or razor blade is used to make slashes in the bread dough before baking. This allows the bread to expand and gives it the classic French bread appearance.

Instant-Read Thermometer

An instant-read thermometer is useful for checking the internal temperature of the bread to ensure it is fully cooked. The temperature should be around 200-210°F.

Wire Rack

A wire rack is used to cool the bread after baking. It allows air to circulate around the bread, preventing the bottom from becoming soggy.

Bench Scraper

A bench scraper is a versatile tool that can be used to shape the dough, cut it into portions, and clean up any excess flour or dough from your work surface.

With these tools in hand, you will be well-equipped to make delicious French bread at home.

Preparing the Dough

When it comes to making French bread, preparing the dough is the most important step. The dough is the foundation of the bread, and if it’s not done right, the bread won’t turn out as expected. In this section, we’ll cover the two main steps in preparing the dough: combining the ingredients and the kneading process.

Combining Ingredients

To make French bread, you’ll need to combine a few simple ingredients: flour, yeast, salt, and water. Here’s a breakdown of each ingredient:

  • Flour: Use bread flour for the best results. Bread flour has a higher gluten content than all-purpose flour, which helps the bread rise and gives it a chewy texture.
  • Yeast: Use active dry yeast. Make sure it’s fresh and not expired.
  • Salt: Salt helps to enhance the flavor of the bread.
  • Water: Use warm water, around 110 degrees Fahrenheit.

To combine the ingredients, start by mixing the yeast and warm water in a large bowl. Add the salt and flour and mix until it forms a shaggy dough. Use a dough hook attachment on a stand mixer or mix by hand until the dough comes together.

Kneading Process

Kneading the dough is an important step in developing the gluten and creating a smooth, elastic dough. There are a few different ways to knead dough, but we’ll cover the most common method.

To knead the dough, turn it out onto a floured surface. Fold the dough in half and push it away from you with the heel of your hand. Turn the dough 90 degrees and repeat. Continue kneading for about 10 minutes, until the dough is smooth and elastic.

Alternatively, you can use a stand mixer with a dough hook attachment to knead the dough. Knead the dough on low speed for about 10 minutes, until it’s smooth and elastic.

Once the dough is kneaded, shape it into a ball and place it in a greased bowl. Cover the bowl with plastic wrap or a towel and let the dough rise in a warm, draft-free place until it has doubled in size.

In summary, combining the ingredients and kneading the dough are crucial steps in making French bread. By following these steps, you’ll be on your way to creating a delicious loaf of bread.

Rising and Shaping

Now that you’ve prepared the dough, it’s time to let it rise. This is a crucial step that will determine the texture and flavor of your French bread. Place the dough in a warm place, like an oven with the light on or a sunny windowsill, and let it rise until it has doubled in size. This should take about an hour, depending on the temperature of the room.

Once the dough has risen, it’s time to shape it. First, punch down the dough to remove any air bubbles. Then, roll it out into a rectangle that is about 12 inches wide and 18 inches long. Starting from the long side, roll up the dough tightly, pinching the seam closed as you go. Tuck the ends under to form a rounded loaf.

Place the shaped dough onto a baking sheet that has been dusted with cornmeal. Cover it with a clean kitchen towel and let it rise again until it has doubled in size, which should take another 30-45 minutes.

Before baking, make a few shallow slashes in the top of the loaf with a sharp knife or razor blade. This will allow the bread to expand as it bakes and create a beautiful crust. Place the loaf in the center of a preheated oven and bake until it is golden brown and sounds hollow when tapped on the bottom. This should take about 30-35 minutes.

Congratulations! You’ve successfully made homemade French bread. Enjoy it warm with butter or use it to make delicious sandwiches and bruschetta.

Baking the Bread

Once the dough has risen, it’s time to bake the bread. This step is crucial to achieving the perfect crispy crust and soft, chewy interior that French bread is known for. Follow these steps to ensure your bread turns out just right.

Preheating the Oven

Before baking, it’s important to preheat your oven to the correct temperature. Most recipes call for a temperature of around 400-425°F (200-220°C). This ensures that the bread will bake evenly and develop a golden crust.

While the oven is preheating, it’s a good idea to prepare the bread for baking. Grease a baking sheet or line it with parchment paper. If desired, you can also sprinkle cornmeal or flour on the sheet to prevent the bread from sticking.

Baking Process

When the oven is preheated, it’s time to bake the bread. Here’s a step-by-step guide to the process:

  1. Place the bread on the prepared baking sheet. If desired, you can also slash the top of the bread with a sharp knife or razor blade to create steam vents.
  2. Place the baking sheet in the oven and quickly close the door to trap the heat inside.
  3. If desired, you can also add steam to the oven by spraying water on the sides or bottom of the oven. This helps create a crispy crust.
  4. Bake the bread for 15-25 minutes, depending on the recipe. The bread should be golden brown and sound hollow when tapped.
  5. Remove the bread from the oven and let it cool on a wire rack before slicing and serving.

By following these steps, you can achieve a perfect loaf of French bread every time. Remember to preheat your oven, prepare the bread for baking, and keep an eye on the bread as it bakes to ensure it turns out just right.

Finishing Touches

Once your French bread is baked to perfection, it’s time to add the finishing touches to make it extra special. Here are some tips to help you elevate your French bread game:

Brush with Butter

Brushing melted butter on top of your French bread as soon as it comes out of the oven will give it a beautiful shine and a delicious buttery flavor. Use a pastry brush to apply the butter evenly over the surface of the bread.

Cool on a Rack

It’s important to let your French bread cool completely on a wire rack before slicing into it. This will prevent the bottom of the bread from becoming soggy. Place the bread on a wire rack and let it cool for at least 30 minutes.

Make Garlic Bread

To make garlic bread, slice your French bread diagonally and spread garlic butter on each slice. Place the slices on a baking sheet and broil in the oven until the edges are golden brown and crispy.

Serve with Jam

French bread is delicious on its own, but it’s even better when served with a fruity jam. Choose your favorite flavor and spread it on top of a slice of warm French bread for a sweet and savory treat.

Use a Lame

A lame is a special tool used to make diagonal cuts on the surface of French bread before baking. These cuts allow the bread to expand and create a beautiful crust. Use a sharp lame to make quick, confident cuts on the surface of your bread.

By following these finishing touches, you can take your French bread from ordinary to extraordinary. Enjoy your delicious homemade bread with family and friends!

Nutritional Information

French bread is a delicious and popular bread that is enjoyed by many people. However, if you are concerned about your dietary intake, it’s important to be aware of the nutritional information of French bread.


French bread is relatively low in calories compared to other bread types. One slice of French bread contains approximately 80-90 calories, depending on the size of the slice.


French bread is typically high in sodium, with one slice containing around 200-300 milligrams of sodium. If you are watching your sodium intake, it’s important to be mindful of how much French bread you consume.


French bread is not a significant source of protein, with one slice containing around 2-3 grams of protein. If you are looking to increase your protein intake, it’s important to incorporate other protein-rich foods into your diet.


French bread is not a significant source of fiber, with one slice containing less than 1 gram of fiber. If you are looking to increase your fiber intake, it’s important to incorporate other fiber-rich foods into your diet.

Fat and Saturated Fat

French bread is low in fat, with one slice containing less than 1 gram of fat. It is also low in saturated fat, with one slice containing less than 0.5 grams of saturated fat.


French bread is a significant source of carbohydrates, with one slice containing around 15-20 grams of carbohydrates. If you are watching your carbohydrate intake, it’s important to be mindful of how much French bread you consume.

Calcium, Iron, and Potassium

French bread is not a significant source of calcium, iron, or potassium. If you are looking to increase your intake of these nutrients, it’s important to incorporate other foods into your diet that are rich in these nutrients.


French bread is cholesterol-free, making it a good choice for individuals who are watching their cholesterol intake.

Serving Suggestions

French bread is a versatile bread that can be served with a variety of dishes. Here are a few serving suggestions to help you enjoy this delicious bread.


French bread is a great addition to any dinner. Its crispy crust and soft interior make it the perfect accompaniment to soups, stews, and casseroles. You can also use it to make sandwiches or serve it with a cheese board. French bread can be sliced and toasted to make croutons, which are great for adding texture to salads.


If you’re a fan of French bread, you can enjoy it on its own. Simply slice it and serve it with butter or olive oil for a simple and delicious snack. You can also use it to make French toast for breakfast or brunch. French bread is also a great base for bruschetta, which is a popular Italian appetizer.


French bread has a mild flavor that pairs well with a variety of foods. Its neutral taste makes it a great choice for dishes that have strong flavors, such as spicy soups or tangy dips. You can also add herbs and spices to French bread to give it more flavor. Some popular options include garlic, rosemary, and thyme.


French bread is a classic accompaniment to soup. Its crusty exterior and soft interior are perfect for soaking up broth. You can serve French bread with any type of soup, from tomato soup to chicken noodle soup. For a more filling meal, you can make French onion soup, which is a hearty soup made with caramelized onions and melted cheese.

French Toast

French bread is the perfect bread for making French toast. Its thick slices and soft interior make it ideal for soaking up the egg mixture. To make French toast, simply dip slices of French bread in a mixture of eggs, milk, and cinnamon, then cook them on a griddle or in a frying pan. Serve with syrup and butter for a delicious breakfast or brunch.

Additional Tips

Here are some additional tips to help you make the perfect homemade French bread:

  • Use warm water: When making the dough, be sure to use warm water. This will help activate the yeast and allow the bread to rise properly.
  • Follow the recipe: While it may be tempting to make changes to the recipe, it’s best to follow it exactly as written. This will ensure that the bread turns out as it should.
  • Let the dough rise at room temperature: After you’ve made the dough, let it rise at room temperature. This will help develop the flavor and texture of the bread.
  • Use tap water: When making the dough, it’s best to use tap water. This will help the yeast activate properly and ensure that the bread rises as it should.
  • Store the bread properly: Once the bread has cooled, store it in a paper bag or bread box. This will help keep it fresh and prevent it from getting soggy.
  • Use a bread recipe log: If you plan on making homemade bread regularly, consider using a bread recipe log. This will help you keep track of your recipes and any changes you make to them.

By following these additional tips, you’ll be well on your way to making delicious homemade French bread.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the three types of French bread?

The three types of French bread are baguette, boule, and batard. The baguette is a long, thin loaf with a crispy crust and a soft interior. The boule is a round loaf with a thicker crust and a chewy interior. The batard is a shorter, fatter loaf with a crust and texture that falls somewhere between the baguette and boule.

What makes French bread different?

French bread is different from other breads because of its crispy crust and chewy interior. This is achieved by using a specific type of flour, called bread flour, and a long fermentation process that allows the dough to develop complex flavors and textures.

What is the secret of French bread?

The secret of French bread is in the fermentation process. French bread dough is allowed to ferment for a long time, sometimes up to 24 hours, which allows the yeast to develop complex flavors and textures. Additionally, the dough is shaped and scored in a specific way to create the signature crispy crust and chewy interior.

What bread products can be made from yeast dough?

Yeast dough can be used to make a variety of bread products, including loaves, rolls, bagels, and pretzels. The type of bread product depends on how the dough is shaped and baked.

How can I make soft French bread?

To make soft French bread, use a combination of bread flour and all-purpose flour, and add a small amount of milk or butter to the dough. This will create a softer texture. Additionally, be sure to knead the dough thoroughly and allow it to rise for a sufficient amount of time.

What are the ingredients in French bread?

The ingredients in French bread are simple: bread flour, water, yeast, and salt. Some recipes may also include a small amount of sugar or honey to feed the yeast and help the dough rise.

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